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Date: Wed, 14 Feb 2024 15:47:23 +0000
From: Mate Kukri <>
Subject: Re: Secure Boot bypass in EDK2 based Virtual Machine firmware

That is correct in the general case, but here the issue comes from the
fact that a copy of the Shell was included in the firmware image
itself, and as a built-in application was implicitly trusted.

On Wed, Feb 14, 2024 at 3:44 PM Yves-Alexis Perez <> wrote:
> On Wed, Feb 14, 2024 at 02:40:43PM +0000, Mate Kukri wrote:
> > Hello,
> >
> > We have identified a vulnerability resulting from an insecure default
> > configuration of OVMF/AAVMF
> > and similar firmware as used in Ubuntu's edk2 package, the firmware
> > used by LXD, and potentially other similar software.
> >
> > Said EDK2 based firmwares implement UEFI Secure Boot functionality but
> > also contain a copy of the UEFI Shell,
> > this gives an OS resident attacker (without physical access or
> > pseudo-physical access) the ability to execute arbitrary
> > code at system level, and thus the ability bypass UEFI Secure Boot.
> Hi Mate,
> I'm not sure if I understand everything correctly, but if UEFI Secure
> Boot is enabled, shouldn't the shell.efi binary need to be explicitely
> signed in order for it to be correctly loaded? It doesnt look like a
> good idea to sign shell.efi on a production platform, but for test
> purposes it might be relevant.
> Regards,
> --
> Yves-Alexis Perez

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