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Date: Wed, 25 Oct 2023 09:32:08 -0700
From: CJ Cullen <>
Subject: [kubernetes] CVE-2022-4886: Ingress-nginx `path` sanitization can be
 bypassed with `log_format` directive

Issue Details

A security issue was discovered in ingress-nginx
<> where a user that can create
or update ingress objects can use directives to bypass the sanitization of
the `spec.rules[].http.paths[].path` field of an Ingress object (in the `` or `extensions` API group) to obtain the credentials of
the ingress-nginx controller. In the default configuration, that credential
has access to all secrets in the cluster.

This issue has been rated High (CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H
and assigned CVE-2022-4886.
Affected Components and Configurations

This bug affects ingress-nginx. If you do not have ingress-nginx installed
on your cluster, you are not affected. You can check this by running
`kubectl get po -n ingress-nginx`.

If you are running the “chrooted” ingress-nginx controller introduced in
v1.2.0 (, command
execution is possible but credential extraction is not, so the High
severity does not apply.

Multi-tenant environments where non-admin users have permissions to create
Ingress objects are most affected by this issue.
Affected Versions



Versions allowing mitigation




Ingress objects contain a field called pathType that defines the proxy
behavior. It can be Exact, Prefix and ImplementationSpecific.

When pathType is configured as Exact or Prefix, there is more strict
validation, allowing only paths starting with "/" and containing only
alphanumeric characters and "-", "_" and additional "/".

When this option is enabled, the validation happens in the Admission
Webhook, denying creation of any Ingress containing invalid characters
(unless pathType is ImplementationSpecific).

Ingress Admins should enable this validation by default. If you still need
to allow implementation specific paths due to the usage of features like
Regex/rewrite on path, we recommend implementing countermeasures to allow
just trusted users to consume this feature, as an example with OPA:

If you find evidence that this vulnerability has been exploited, please
Additional Details

See ingress-nginx Issue #10570
<> for more details.

This vulnerability was reported by Ginoah, working with the DEVCORE
Internship Program.

Thank You,

CJ Cullen on behalf of the Kubernetes Security Response Committee

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