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Date: Mon, 26 Jul 2021 19:13:25 +1000
From: Michael Ellerman <>
Subject: Linux kernel: powerpc: KVM guest to host memory corruption

The Linux kernel for powerpc since v3.10 has a bug which allows a malicious KVM guest to
corrupt host memory.

In the handling of the H_RTAS hypercall, args.rets is made to point into the args.args
buffer which is located on the stack:

	args.rets = &args.args[be32_to_cpu(args.nargs)];

However args.nargs has not been range checked. That allows the guest to point args.rets
anywhere up to +16GB from args.args.

The guest does not have control of what is written to args.rets, it is always (u32)-3,
because subsequent code does check nargs. Additionally the guest will be killed as a
result of the nargs being out of range, so a given guest only has a single shot at
corrupting memory.

Only machines using Linux as the hypervisor, aka. KVM or bare metal, are affected by the

The bug was introduced in:

    8e591cb72047 ("KVM: PPC: Book3S: Add infrastructure to implement kernel-side RTAS calls")

Which was first released in v3.10.

The upstream fix is:

  f62f3c20647e ("KVM: PPC: Book3S: Fix H_RTAS rets buffer overflow")

Which will be included in the v5.14 release.


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