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Date: Mon, 2 Nov 2020 18:10:06 +0100
From: Jann Horn <>
To: Alexey Gladkov <>
Cc: LKML <>, 
	Linux Containers <>, 
	Kernel Hardening <>, Alexey Gladkov <>, 
	"Eric W . Biederman" <>, Kees Cook <>, 
	Christian Brauner <>
Subject: Re: [RFC PATCH v1 4/4] Allow to change the user namespace in which
 user rlimits are counted

On Mon, Nov 2, 2020 at 5:52 PM Alexey Gladkov <> wrote:
> Add a new prctl to change the user namespace in which the process
> counter is located. A pointer to the user namespace is in cred struct
> to be inherited by all child processes.
> +               if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RESOURCE))
> +                       return -EPERM;
> +
> +               switch (arg2) {
> +               case PR_RLIMIT_BIND_GLOBAL_USERNS:
> +                       error = set_rlimit_ns(&init_user_ns);
> +                       break;
> +               case PR_RLIMIT_BIND_CURRENT_USERNS:
> +                       error = set_rlimit_ns(current_user_ns());
> +                       break;
> +               default:
> +                       error = -EINVAL;
> +               }
> +               break;

I don't see how this can work. capable() requires that
current_user_ns()==&init_user_ns, so you can't use this API to bind
rlimits to any other user namespace.

Fundamentally, if it requires CAP_SYS_RESOURCE, this probably can't be
done as an API that a process uses to change its own rlimit scope. In
that case I would implement this as part of clone3() instead of
prctl(). (Then init_user_ns can set it if the caller has
CAP_SYS_RESOURCE. If you want to have support for doing the same thing
with nested namespaces, you'd also need a flag that the first-level
clone3() can set on the namespace to say "further rlimit splitting
should be allowed".)

Or alternatively, we could say that CAP_SYS_RESOURCE doesn't matter,
and instead you're allowed to move the rlimit scope if your current
hard rlimit is INFINITY. That might make more sense? Maybe?

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