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Date: Thu, 29 Oct 2020 12:38:26 +0100
From: Mickaël Salaün <>
To: Jann Horn <>
Cc: James Morris <>, "Serge E . Hallyn" <>,
 Al Viro <>, Andy Lutomirski <>,
 Anton Ivanov <>, Arnd Bergmann
 <>, Casey Schaufler <>,
 Jeff Dike <>, Jonathan Corbet <>,
 Kees Cook <>, Michael Kerrisk <>,
 Richard Weinberger <>, Shuah Khan <>,
 Vincent Dagonneau <>,
 Kernel Hardening <>,
 Linux API <>,
 linux-arch <>,
 "open list:DOCUMENTATION" <>,
 linux-fsdevel <>,
 kernel list <>,
 linux-security-module <>,
 the arch/x86 maintainers <>,
 Mickaël Salaün <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v22 12/12] landlock: Add user and kernel documentation

On 29/10/2020 02:07, Jann Horn wrote:
> On Tue, Oct 27, 2020 at 9:04 PM Mickaël Salaün <> wrote:
>> This documentation can be built with the Sphinx framework.
>> Cc: James Morris <>
>> Cc: Jann Horn <>
>> Cc: Kees Cook <>
>> Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <>
>> Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <>
>> Reviewed-by: Vincent Dagonneau <>
> [...]
>> diff --git a/Documentation/userspace-api/landlock.rst b/Documentation/userspace-api/landlock.rst
> [...]
>> +Landlock rules
>> +==============
>> +
>> +A Landlock rule enables to describe an action on an object.  An object is
> s/enables to describe/describes/


>> +currently a file hierarchy, and the related filesystem actions are defined in
>> +`Access rights`_.  A set of rules is aggregated in a ruleset, which can then
>> +restrict the thread enforcing it, and its future children.
>> +
>> +Defining and enforcing a security policy
>> +----------------------------------------
>> +
>> +We first need to create the ruleset that will contain our rules.  For this
>> +example, the ruleset will contain rules which only allow read actions, but
>> +write actions will be denied.  The ruleset then needs to handle both of these
>> +kind of actions.  To have a backward compatibility, these actions should be
>> +ANDed with the supported ones.
> This sounds as if there is a way for userspace to discover which
> actions are supported by the running kernel; but we don't have
> anything like that, right?

Right, it dates from the landlock_get_features(2), which is now gone but
may be replaced by something else in the future. I'll remove that.

> If we want to make that possible, we could maybe change
> sys_landlock_create_ruleset() so that if
> ruleset_attr.handled_access_fs contains bits we don't know, we clear
> those bits and then copy the struct back to userspace? And then
> userspace can retry the syscall with the cleared bits? Or something
> along those lines?

Yes, but I would prefer clear syscall which don't read and write from/to
the same argument. I'm working on a more generic solution. It should not
be an issue for now.

> [...]
>> +We can now add a new rule to this ruleset thanks to the returned file
>> +descriptor referring to this ruleset.  The rule will only enable to read the
> s/enable to read/allow reading/


>> +file hierarchy ``/usr``.  Without another rule, write actions would then be
>> +denied by the ruleset.  To add ``/usr`` to the ruleset, we open it with the
>> +``O_PATH`` flag and fill the &struct landlock_path_beneath_attr with this file
>> +descriptor.
> [...]
>> +Inheritance
>> +-----------
>> +
>> +Every new thread resulting from a :manpage:`clone(2)` inherits Landlock domain
>> +restrictions from its parent.  This is similar to the seccomp inheritance (cf.
>> +:doc:`/userspace-api/seccomp_filter`) or any other LSM dealing with task's
>> +:manpage:`credentials(7)`.  For instance, one process's thread may apply
>> +Landlock rules to itself, but they will not be automatically applied to other
>> +sibling threads (unlike POSIX thread credential changes, cf.
>> +:manpage:`nptl(7)`).
>> +
>> +When a thread sandbox itself, we have the grantee that the related security
> s/sandbox/sandboxes/
> s/grantee/guarantee/


>> +policy will stay enforced on all this thread's descendants.  This enables to
>> +create standalone and modular security policies per application, which will
> s/enables to create/allows creating/


>> +automatically be composed between themselves according to their runtime parent
>> +policies.

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