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Date: Mon, 10 Feb 2020 17:52:15 +0000
From: Will Deacon <>
To: James Morse <>
Cc: Sami Tolvanen <>,
	Catalin Marinas <>,
	Steven Rostedt <>,
	Masami Hiramatsu <>,
	Ard Biesheuvel <>,
	Mark Rutland <>,
	Dave Martin <>,
	Kees Cook <>,
	Laura Abbott <>, Marc Zyngier <>,
	Nick Desaulniers <>,
	Jann Horn <>,
	Miguel Ojeda <>,
	Masahiro Yamada <>,,,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH v7 09/11] arm64: disable SCS for hypervisor code

On Mon, Feb 10, 2020 at 05:18:58PM +0000, James Morse wrote:
> On 28/01/2020 18:49, Sami Tolvanen wrote:
> > Filter out CC_FLAGS_SCS and -ffixed-x18 for code that runs at a
> > different exception level.
> Hmmm, there are two things being disabled here.
> Stashing the lr in memory pointed to by VA won't work transparently at EL2 ... but
> shouldn't KVM's C code still treat x18 as a fixed register?

My review of v6 suggested dropping the -ffixed-x18 as well, since it's only
introduced by SCS (in patch 5) and so isn't required by anything else. Why
do you think it's needed?

> As you have an __attribute__((no_sanitize("shadow-call-stack"))), could we add that to
> __hyp_text instead? (its a smaller hammer!) All of KVM's EL2 code is marked __hyp_text,
> but that isn't everything in these files. Doing it like this would leave KVM's VHE-only
> paths covered.
> As an example, with VHE the kernel and KVM both run at EL2, and KVM behaves differently:
> kvm_vcpu_put_sysregs() in kvm/hyp/sysreg-sr.c is called from a preempt notifier as
> the EL2 registers are always accessible.

That's a good point, and I agree that it would be nice to have SCS covering
the VHE paths. If you do that as a function attribute (which feels pretty
fragile to me), then I guess we'll have to keep the -ffixed-x18 for the
non-VHE code after all because GCC at least doesn't like having the register
saving ABI specified on a per-function basis.


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