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Date: Thu, 21 Nov 2019 15:54:44 +0300
From: Andrey Ryabinin <>
To: Kees Cook <>
Cc: Elena Petrova <>,
 Alexander Potapenko <>, Dmitry Vyukov <>,
 Linus Torvalds <>,
 Dan Carpenter <>,
 "Gustavo A. R. Silva" <>, Arnd Bergmann
 <>, Ard Biesheuvel <>,
 Andrew Morton <>,,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH 2/3] ubsan: Split "bounds" checker from other options

On 11/20/19 4:06 AM, Kees Cook wrote:
> In order to do kernel builds with the bounds checker individually
> available, introduce CONFIG_UBSAN_BOUNDS, with the remaining options
> For example, using this, we can start to expand the coverage syzkaller is
> providing. Right now, all of UBSan is disabled for syzbot builds because
> taken as a whole, it is too noisy. This will let us focus on one feature
> at a time.
> For the bounds checker specifically, this provides a mechanism to
> eliminate an entire class of array overflows with close to zero
> performance overhead (I cannot measure a difference). In my (mostly)
> defconfig, enabling bounds checking adds ~4200 checks to the kernel.
> Performance changes are in the noise, likely due to the branch predictors
> optimizing for the non-fail path.
> Some notes on the bounds checker:
> - it does not instrument {mem,str}*()-family functions, it only
>   instruments direct indexed accesses (e.g. "foo[i]"). Dealing with
>   the {mem,str}*()-family functions is a work-in-progress around
> - it ignores flexible array members, including the very old single
>   byte (e.g. "int foo[1];") declarations. (Note that GCC's
>   implementation appears to ignore _all_ trailing arrays, but Clang only
>   ignores empty, 0, and 1 byte arrays[2].)
> [1]
> [2]
> Suggested-by: Elena Petrova <>
> Signed-off-by: Kees Cook <>

Reviewed-by: Andrey Ryabinin <>

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